Train Hugger Planting Projects

Case Study: County Down 2

Tree Planting

Case Study: County Down 2

This woodland is situated on the edge of the Quoile Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI), which is a protected area, noted for its special wildlife interest. The woodlands in Quoile support many woodland birds and other important animals including red squirrels. Unfortunately, this site has been badly affected by the deadly tree disease, ash dieback. Diseased ash trees and non-native sycamore trees have been removed and native trees such as oak and cherry will be planted in the gaps. These native trees will greatly benefit local wildlife including red squirrels.

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Listed below are some of the trees planting on this site

Alder can be found across Europe and thrives in moist ground and damp cool areas, which is why you’ll often see alder trees planted near rivers and ponds. Moth caterpillars love alder leaves and the tree’s roots make an ideal nesting site for otters. For humans, the real value of alder wood is that it’s durable when wet, so is useful for making boats and sluice gates. The story goes that outlaws like Robin Hood would have used the green dye from alder flowers to camouflage their clothing!
The downy birch, or white birch, is a deciduous, broad-leafed tree which grows abundantly across the north of Europe and northern Asia. The outer bark can be stripped off without killing the tree, and its twigs and branches are flexible and make good brooms. The Sami people in Scandinavia use downy birch bark when making their traditional bread, while the tree’s sap can be collected in early spring and used to make a syrup or beer.
Downy Birch
The hornbeam is extremely tough and keeps its leaves all year round, making it an attractive proposition for birds, insects and other animals. Hornbeam wood is very hard, in fact it is also known as “ironwood” and the Romans recognised its durability, using it to make their chariots. Nowadays, this timber is used for tool handles, coach wheels, parquet flooring and chess pieces!
The Atlantic or Atlas Cedar is a large evergreen tree that is native to the Atlas Mountains of Morocco and Algeria, and often grows high above sea level. This tree is conical in shape when it starts to grow, but broadens out in later life as its leaves spread. The essential oil extracted from this cedar’s bark is popular with aromatherapists, who use it to help treat a wide range of ailments. We only plant these trees as specimens for study and to assess future climate resilience, not as a cash crop.
Atlantic Cedar
The common hazel is native to Europe and western Asia and forms an important part of England’s hedgerows. We have all heard of hazelnuts, which are rich in unsaturated fats and protein, and an extremely popular ingredient in many of the world’s cuisines. Did you know that hazel trees were once seen as both magical and a symbol of fertility?
 This large, deciduous conifer grows quickly and usually lives for around 250 years, although some European larches are said to be almost 1000 years old! Red squirrels and some birds, including the siskin, enjoy eating larch seeds. According to ancient European folklore, larch had the power to protect against enchantment and ward off evil spirits.
European Larch
This fast-growing evergreen conifer can live for as long as 1000 years and grows to a height of up to 40m. It has red-brown cones, which are the largest of any spruce tree. In 1848, Queen Victoria’s husband Prince Albert introduced the custom of decorating a Norway spruce for Christmas, and it has been a popular festive tree choice in the UK ever since.
Norway Spruce
The UK’s only truly native pine is Scotland’s national tree and can be found in abundance in the Highlands.The Caledonian Pine Forest is home to all sorts of wonderful species including the pine marten, red squirrel and rare Scottish wildcat. Scots pine has strong timber which is used for making fences, telegraph poles and other construction materials, and the bark can be tapped for resin to make turpentine.‍
Scots Pine
Stunning white cherry blossoms burst forth in April, heralding the arrival of spring and bringing joy to parks and gardens. Mature cherry trees can live for up to 60 years, and provide a great source of food for birds, bees, insects and small animals like badgers and mice. Our ancestors would boil wild cherries and make them into a syrup to treat a range of ailments including coughs and anaemia.
Wild Cherry
Douglas fir was first introduced to the UK from North America in the 1800s. These fragrant evergreen members of the pine family can live for up to 1,000 years, but are often cut down for use as Christmas trees. Douglas fir timber has lots of commercial uses, including furniture, flooring and decking, for example.
Douglas Fir
Pear trees have been grown in orchards and gardens across the UK since the end of the 10th century. This tree can live for a long time - around 250 years - so ancient Chinese people believed that the pear was a symbol of immortality. Pear trees are popular with both humans and insects; birds enjoy snacking on the fruit, while bees sip nectar from the flowers.
Wild Pear
The western red cedar’s strength is celebrated in Native American cultures, and it attracts and shelters many species of birds and insects. Its timber is extremely durable, making it a good source of building materials. If you take a bit of western red cedar foliage and crush it between your fingers, it gives off a sweet smell like pineapple.
Western Red Cedar
Other Train Hugger Projects

Continue reading more about our planting projects

Replacing Non Native Tres in Lough Neagh
Pembrokeshire Cricket Bat Willow
Storm Recovery in Berwickshire 2
Storm Recovery in Berwickshire 1
Spruce Replacement in West Sussex
Trees not Brambles in Co.Tyrone
Linking Woodlands in County Antrim
County Antrim New and Old
Case Study: County Down 3
Replacing Non Native Trees in NI
South Tyrone planting for biodiversity
Experimental Planting in Country Tyrone
County Armagh: Different Growth Rates for Better Biodiversity
Case Study: County Down 2
Case Study: County Down 1
Devon Gum Trees
Case Study: Planting for Resilience in Buckinghamshire
Case Study: Conversion of Conifer Plantation to Mixed Broadleaves
Hampshire Mixed Woodlands
North Yorkshire Spruce
Case Study: Saving a Hampshire Woodland from Disease
Devon Beech Trees
West Sussex Broadleaf Trees
Norfolk Oaks
Case Study: Storm Resilience in Northumberland
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